The island of Barbados has a proud history with visitors from a wide range of different inhabitants from a range of different countries and cultures. The following shows a brief history of the island and it’s culture and archaeology.
The first settlers on the island were the Amerindian’s who had traveled from Venezuela to the island via paddle boat. There route to Barbados was difficult and dangerous, however, the Ameindinas made it and called Barbados their new home. The settlers were named Awaks and were agricultural people who brought a variety of different techniques to the island. The Awaks were tribes folk and many of it’s members painted them selves in black and white paint. Corn, Cotton, and nuts were grown by the Awaks in order to create a civilisation on the island.
However, the island soon caught the attention of the Carib tribe. The Carib tribe were a stronger Amerindian tribe than the Awak tribe. The Caribs were incredible huntsmen and managed to take the island from the Awak tribe. The Carib existence on the island was finished by the Spanish who took the island from the Caribs. The Spanish imposed slavery on the Caribs and that along with the contagious Small Pox and tuberculous virus ended the existence of the Caribs. However, the Spanish stay on the island was short as they went in pursuit of bigger islands in the Caribbean.
The Portuguese also visited the island and gave it the name Barbados, after the bearded fig trees that are on the island. The Portuguese didn’t stay on the island but their actions wont be forgotten very easily.
However, the settlers that made the most difference on the island was the British who landed on the island in the 1600’s. The first boat that landed on the island was captained by John Powell and the island was claimed by King James. Two years later the British brought a boat to the island carrying 80 settlers and 10 slaves. In 1630 the sugar cane plant was introduced on the island, and the resulting economic boom helped the island enormously. The massive amount of sugar that was grown on the island resulted in an increase in the amount of inhabitants on the island. More Settlers and slaves were introduced onto the island resulting in an increase in the amount of sugar grown and a boost in the islands economy. Barbados dominated the sugar trade for many years and powerful businessmen came to the island in order to be a part of the islands booming economy. However, a wide range of hurricanes hit the island resulting in the sugar industry collapsing on the island. Emancipation soon followed with a variety of slave rebellions taking place on the island.
The next significant action that took place on the island was the islands independence in 1966. During that year the island was an independent country which led to the islands first political party being created.
There has been a wide variety of different archaeological information that has been gained over the years, and if you are interested in the history of the island then the place to visit is the Barbados Museum that is located in Bridgetown. Overall, Barbados boast an eventful history and relics of the island can be found throughout the island. There are a wide amount of attractions around the island that show the islands history. Attractions such as the Gun Hill Signal station, and the Sunbury Plantation house shows the different archaeological findings on the island.Back
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